History | The Rose and Crown Pub | York
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Purveyors of Famous Ales & Pies

History of The Rose and Crown pub

The Rose & Crown lies on the north side of Lawrence Street just outside the Walmgate Bar,

a main gate in city’s medieval defences probably dating to the 12th century and one of the few
in  the  country  to  retain  its  barbican,  an  additional  defensive  structure  added  later  in  the medieval period. 
The site is approximately half a mile to the east of the city centre and about 150m from the
Walmgate Bar.  The street is on the main road from York to Hull and is probably more or less
on the line of a Roman road established in the mid-1st century AD.
The  underlying  solid  geology  of  this area  consists  of  the  Bunter  and  Keuper sandstones overlain  by  alluvial  drift  deposits  of  Warp and  Lacustrine  clays.

This  is  on  slightly  raised ground within the valley of the River Ouse, just to the south of its confluence with the River Foss.  The site is fairly level and approximately 13m AOD.
The area is now mainly built up.  The street frontages on the north side are of mainly 18th and 19th century houses, many of them quite altered, with later properties further to the east.  To the  north  of  the  front  plots  most  of  the  area  formerly  used  commercially  has  been redeveloped for apartment blocks in the recent past.  More redevelopment has taken place on the south side of Lawrence Street.

Sourced from the Mercian Heritage Series No.585 Archaeological Evaluation report, May 2012